Brain transcriptomics of agonistic behaviour in the weakly electric fish Gymnotus omarorum, a wild teleost model of non-breeding aggression

 

Autor(es):
Eastman, Guillermo ; Valiño Amodio, Guillermo ; Radío, Santiago ; Young, R. L. ; Quintana, Laura ; Zakon, H. H. ; Hofmann, H. A. ; Sotelo Silveira, José Roberto ; Silva Barbato, Ana Celia
Tipo:
Artículo
Versión:
Publicado
Resumen:

Differences in social status are often mediated by agonistic encounters between competitors. Robust literature has examined social status-dependent brain gene expression profiles across vertebrates, yet social status and reproductive state are often confounded. It has therefore been challenging to identify the neuromolecular mechanisms underlying social status independent of reproductive state. Weakly electric fish, Gymnotus omarorum, display territorial aggression and social dominance independent of reproductive state. We use wild-derived G. omarorum males to conduct a transcriptomic analysis of non-breeding social dominance relationships. After allowing paired rivals to establish a dominance hierarchy, we profiled the transcriptomes of brain sections containing the preoptic area (region involved in regulating aggressive behaviour) in dominant and subordinate individuals. We identified 16 differentially expressed genes (FDR < 0.05) and numerous genes that co-varied with behavioural traits. We also compared our results with previous reports of differential gene expression in other teleost species. Overall, our study establishes G. omarorum as a powerful model system for understanding the neuromolecular bases of social status independent of reproductive state.

Año:
2020
Idioma:
Inglés
Institución:
Universidad de la República
Repositorio:
COLIBRI
Enlace(s):
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12008/30821
Nivel de acceso:
Acceso abierto