Enhancing cellulose nanofibrillation of eucalyptus Kraft pulp by combining enzymatic and mechanical pretreatments
- Cebreiros, Florencia ; Seiler, Santiago ; Dalli, Sai Swaroop ; Lareo, Claudia ; Saddler, Jack
Nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) extracted from biomass has potential applications in material science and biomedical engineering. In this study, NFC was obtained from bleached eucalyptus Kraft pulp (BEKP) using two commercial enzyme cocktails with cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic activities and non-catalytic protein (swollenin), followed by ultrasonication. This work represents an initial study of the implementation of non-catalytic proteins along with enzymes to extract NFC from biomass. Enzymatic pretreatment was performed to partially remove hemicellulose while enhancing cellulose accessibility for NFC extraction. Cellulase pretreatment with xylanase and swollenin supplementation increased cellulose accessibility and fiber swelling pretreatment with xylanase and swollenin supplementation increased cellulose accessibility and fiber swelling performed for cellulose nanofibrillation resulting in high NFC yields (61-97%), while keeping NFC properties almost unchanged. Through this process, cellulose nanofibers with diameters ranging from 3 nm to 10 nm were effectively isolated from BEKP, which allows to produce high quality NFC for further applications.
- Nanofibrillated cellulose
- Universidad de la República
- Nivel de acceso:
- Acceso abierto